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MongoDB

To work with data in a MongoDB database, you first need to create a set of Environment variables to securely store the connection credentials. Next, you can write some Python code to establish a connection and run queries.

Store MongoDB credentials

Create a new Python workspace (or duplicate this workspace that already has all the Python code you'll need in the next step).
In your new workspace, click on "Environment", and click on "+" next to "Environment variables". You need to create 3 environment variables:
  • MONGO_HOST: Where your MongoDB cluster/database is hosted, e.g. test-cluster.t6rcsje.mongodb.net.
  • MONGO_USER: The username with which to connect to your MongoDB cluster
  • MONGO_PASS: The username's password.
Give a meaningful name to this set of Environment variables, e.g. "MongoDB Cluster". Click Save and continue until your session is restarted to activate these environment variables.
Set up environent variables.

Query the database

Create a new Python cell and include the following code snippet to create a new Mongo client that connects to the database. Notice how the environment variables are fetched from the environment using os.environ.
!pip install pymongo
import os
from pymongo.mongo_client import MongoClient
from pymongo.server_api import ServerApi
uri = f'mongodb+srv://{os.environ.get("MONGO_USER")}:{os.environ.get("MONGO_PASS")}@{os.environ.get("MONGO_HOST")}/?retryWrites=true&w=majority'
# Create a new client and connect to the server
client = MongoClient(uri, server_api=ServerApi('1'))
You can now run queries! To start, you can do a ping command to verify that the connection works fine:
try:
client.admin.command('ping')
print("Pinged your deployment. You successfully connected to MongoDB!")
except Exception as e:
print(e)
For a quick overview of what PyMongo enables you to do, check out this comprehensive tutorial. It covers how you can get a database, a collection, find documents, insert documents, and more.

Limit allowed incoming IP addresses

The network calls from the Python or R sessions will always come from one of three fixed, DataCamp-owned IP addresses. You can lock down your MongoDB instance to only accept these IP addresses:
  • 34.194.221.107
  • 34.192.118.171
  • 34.192.199.85